My Opinion: Plants as Antimicrobial Agents

Article by Raphael d'Angelo, M.D.


As a planet the human family faces many health challenges. One of the most pressing is the upsurge of infectious diseases that ranks high on the list of the most serious causes of death worldwide. The past century saw remarkable advances in the war on infectious agents with the advent of sulfa and penicillin followed by a host of newer antibiotics. Organisms initially succumbed to these miracle chemicals but the adaptability of these bacterial microbes began to fend off the antibiotic attack. As the 1900s came to a close the rate of antibiotic resistance had climbed to levels of great concern and continues unabated. Continue reading

Plantar Fibromatosis Treated with Aromatherapy (Case Study Report)

Article by Stefania Borrelli


NOTE FROM AUTHOR: Among the ingredients, I wrote "Sardinia Helichrysum" on purpose since it's the one I generally use - having similar chemical components and imported from Italy (which is close to Corsica).


Client Background

Age: 51

General State of Physical Health: Good

General State of Emotional Health: Good


Description of the case: I report the case of a 52 year-old Italian female with no family history or cytogenetic abnormality who presented with a plantar fibromatosis, small nodular fibrotic thickening of the central plantar fascia, corresponding to the solar plexus point. It started with a tiny, pea-sized nodule in the middle of her arch. The woman presented then a painful swelling of her right sole. The swelling associated was tender to touch with a dull aching type of pain which prevented her from walking, even small distances, without pain. Continue reading

American Aromatherapy: The Struggle to Find the Middle Ground

Article written by Lora Cantele


This article previously appeared in two parts in In Essence Vol.14 No. 3 & 4 (Winter 2015 and Spring 2016) and in Aromatika Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2016)


Introduction-Aromatherapy in the U.S.

Essential oil use in the United States is on the rise at a great pace, however safe and responsible use have been pushed aside in favor of higher profits.  With the wide-spread use of inauthentic Aromatherapy, practitioners in the United States now find themselves in at odds with those new to Aromatherapy as well as each other. 


Controversy over issues such as the perceived differences between the British and French models of Aromatherapy, to dilute or not dilute, oral ingestion, free education or certification, and the rise of industry watchdogs have put our community and practices under additional scrutiny.


The Aromatherapy community in America has become divisive and there is a need for practitioners and Aromatherapy associations to join together to provide a unified front with regard to training, certifications, as well as safe and responsible use.   Continue reading

A Rare Glimpse into Adulteration of Essential Oils

Essential oil adulteration: camphor and turpentine


Article written by Dr. Raphael d'Angelo, AIA Medical Advisor


I recently was given a fascinating article entitled "How to Adulterate Volatile Oils: A Pre-1906 Manuscript Formulary" (G. Sonnedecker, 1990) and I think the AIA members would find this very informative as a part of aromatherapy history that we rarely encounter.


Adulteration is defined as "any practice that through intent or neglect, results in a variation of strength and/or purity from the professed quality of a drug" was the standard before 1859. In that year the budding American Pharmaceutical Association added " the intentional addition to an article, for the purpose of gain, or deception…" Continue reading

Dedication to Education: AIA’s curriculum guidelines and dedication to educational standards

Article by Lora Cantele, RA, CMAIA, CSRT


When it comes to Aromatherapy education and safety, any Aromatherapy organization would be remiss to not have any standards in place. When the AIA was newly formed there were many pieces to put into place; business plan, bylaws, budget, standard operating procedures, and the eventual creation of committees and education guidelines for Aromatherapy schools. Prior to the formation of the first Education Committee, the AIA board agreed to adopt the general outlines that had been in place for American Aromatherapy schools as established (in the 1990s) by the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA). In addition, the AIA agreed to "grandfather" in any NAHA schools that desired to be recognized by the AIA. The adoption of these guidelines was to serve in the short-term until the AIA established our own guidelines. The "grandfathered" schools were also informed that when the new guidelines were established and adopted, they would need to reapply for recognition under the new guidelines. Many of these schools either didn't reapply or failed to meet the new guidelines. Continue reading

Why I Don’t Diffuse Essential Oils

Article by Haly JensenHof, MA, RA


DX Diffuser


The title of this article is misleading in that it may cause you to think I never diffuse essential oils, which is not true. I do. However, I am very conscientious about when and where I diffuse essential oils due to the safety implications of exposing others to the power of essential oils.


When clients come to me, some will ask, "Why doesn't your office smell like lavender (or other essential oil)?" Because I am an aromatherapist; clients, friends, and family assume that my space will be filled with the fragrances of my profession, but this is not the case. For natural methods of freshening the air see the methods given at the end of this article.

Continue reading

The Bugs of Summer

Bugs of Summer


Bug season is upon us and that means it’s time for aromatherapy bug spray blends. Although all essential oils will repel some insects, there are a few that are more commonly used for the summer pests that many deal with such as mosquitoes, black flies, and ticks.


You may need to experiment to find out what works for your local bugs. Here are some essential oils classically used to deter the tiny biters... Continue reading

Dietary Supplement Regulations and Guidelines for Essential Oils

Consult a Colleague


Consult A Colleague


Do you have a burning question about aromatherapy that needs answering?


We're here to help! Each month one of our colleagues will answer a question in our newsletter. So send them in and keep them coming.


Robert Tisserand, Gabriel Mojay, Anita James, Mindy Green, Mark Webb and others are part of our panel of consultants to answer these questions. Questions will be posted on our blog and in our email newsletter each month.


The questions need to be submitted to
and put "Consult a Colleague" in the subject line.


This Month's Question

I was wondering when essential oils are used as a dietary supplement what regulations or guidelines are used by manufacturers to assure safety and quality? I know they need to watch verbiage with structure function statements, but how would a consumer know if the oils being used are safe / not toxic, etc.?


The reason I ask is because I was asked to give an opinion about a dietary supplement containing essential oils that was promoting cellular regeneration. Please let me know if you want to know the product name. Continue reading

Ayurveda Rituals for Beauty & Balance

Ayurvedic Recipes


At the April Mountain Region Meeting, Nellie Shapiro gave a lively and interactive presentation on Ayurveda. Her 2-hour presentation began with a discussion on the 20 "Gunas." 'Guna' is the Sanskrit word meaning attribute or quality. This was an introduction to determining your Dosha or Bioelement that make up one's constitution. While all three Doshas (Kapha, Pitta and Vata) are present in each of us, one generally dominates at any given time. The key is keeping them in balance. After learning about the Gunas, Nellie let her audience try their hand at determining the Doshas of each of the others in attendance and explained further the various nuances in determining each person's constitution. This was followed by a brief break in which attendees sampled some tea Nellie prepared with fennel, cumin, turmeric and coriander and a delicious ginger and beet chutney. After the break, Nellie talked her audience through Dinachariya—a daily morning ritual to nourish and energize the body; including the appropriate time to rise, prayer, hygiene, exercise, breathing and meditation...all before breakfast! With each step, she explained the how and the why, as well as preparations she uses for herself including a tooth powder, body oil and deodorant made with herbs and essential oils. Her presentation concluded with the sharing of the following recipes for nourishment to support an Ayurvedic lifestyle for wellness. Continue reading

Aromatic Medicine: Internal Dosing of Essential Oils

Article by Amy Kreydin


  botanical medicine capsule  


If aromatherapy is a frequently misunderstood profession then the specialization of aromatic medicine is so out there we could be discussing xenobotany here. But we're not talking about plant life on other planets, this is a unique branch of botanical medicine that employs volatile aromatic plant extracts in internal dose forms.


Twenty years ago I began studying botanical medicine in high mountain meadows, birthing rooms, greenhouses, gardens, and dining rooms in Northern New Mexico. Six years ago I studied clinical aromatherapy in a classroom at Boston Medical Center. Last year I began studying aromatic medicine at the Heal Center. It was an International effort coordinated by South African Roz Zollinger, Brit Gabriel Mojay, and led by Aussie Mark Webb. It was amazing and I've loved how it has taken my practice and education to another level. 🙂   Continue reading