Alliance of International Aromatherapists Fri, 23 Sep 2016 15:47:29 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Libby Doubler Mon, 12 Sep 2016 15:36:00 +0000 Continue reading ]]> As a clinical aromatherapist (CMAIA and Aromahead Scholars’ graduate ) and certified health coach (Institute for Integrative Nutrition graduate, certified by AADP) I am here to share the essentials that bring abundance and vibrancy to life. I have several programs that allow you to make small painless moves that will eventually lead you to a beautiful place. You’ll be singing Louis Armstrong’s “What a Wonderful World” all day long!


Integrative  Essentials is my holistic wellness company that incorporates health coaching, aromatherapy and some unique products: Our motto is “sharing the essentials that bring abundance and vibrancy to life”. 

A Rare Glimpse into Adulteration of Essential Oils Wed, 07 Sep 2016 17:56:00 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Essential oil adulteration: camphor and turpentine


Article written by Dr. Raphael d’Angelo, AIA Medical Advisor


I recently was given a fascinating article entitled “How to Adulterate Volatile Oils: A Pre-1906 Manuscript Formulary” (G. Sonnedecker, 1990) and I think the AIA members would find this very informative as a part of aromatherapy history that we rarely encounter.


Adulteration is defined as “any practice that through intent or neglect, results in a variation of strength and/or purity from the professed quality of a drug” was the standard before 1859. In that year the budding American Pharmaceutical Association added ” the intentional addition to an article, for the purpose of gain, or deception…”


Documented falsification of natural substances goes all the way back to the Romans who used their five senses to detect adulterants. This was the only practical way until the early 1800s when physical and chemical tests became more available. The first published work on adulteration (1784) was from a pharmacist in Brussels La Falsification des Medicaments de Voile. The first American publication was by the physician-chemist Lewis C. Beck in 1846 under the title Adulteration of Various Substances Used in Medicine and the Arts.


In the 19th century as it is today, adulteration was a problem that was prevalent and not easily spotted or curtailed. In 1856 the National Wholesale Druggists Association concluded, “the best cultivated and most fruitful field for dishonest practices in our branch of trade has always been in the essential oil business and it continues to be so.” Interestingly, essential oils in this time period were being used much less for personal health concerns and more for food flavoring, drugs, liqueurs, toiletries and cosmetics.


In an effort to combat this greedy practice pharmacy journals would publish specific oils and the proportions of adulterants used in an effort to make pharmacists and other end-users more aware of what to be looking for. However the opposite effect of equipping an unscrupulous producer with the exact knowledge of the craft was a glaring drawback.


The article examined one of these rare manuscripts – a thirty page bound document with fifty-eight formulas for adulterating essential oils and was in use in 1901 and 1902. Twenty different adulterants were noted with oil of turpentine leading the list. In decreasing frequency there was alcohol, oil of Camphor, oil of Cedarwood, oil of Balsam of Gurjon, Castor oil, Black oil, Asphalt Varnish, oil of Birch tar, oil of French Reunion, oil of Geranium, oil of Copaiba, oil of Olivarum, oil of Petit-grain, Carbon Bisulfide, oil of Red Thyme, oil of Sesame, Concentrated Sulfuric Ether, and Carbonate of Iron. An adulterant of 50% or more of the volume was specified in more than half of the formulas. An example was oil of Oregano labeled “pure” contained 17% turpentine and oil of Cedar labeled “commercial” had 90% turpentine.


The article’s Appendix provides examples of the adulteration formulas found in this manuscript. I have selected some that follow.




  • Oil origanum 7 lbs
  • Turpentine 3 gallons
  • Asphalt Varnish 4 drams




  • Oil organum 10 lbs
  • Turpentine 2 lbs




  • French oil of Rose Geranium 2 ounces
  • Oil of Rose, Kissanlick 1 ounce




  • Oil Hyssop 1.75 ounces
  • Alcohol, absolute 0.25 ounces




  • Methyl salicylate 4 lbs
  • Rectified turpentine 1 ounce
  • Oil of Camphor 1 ounce
  • Carbonate of Iron ½ dram


Oil of Turpentine was steam distilled from the crude oleoresin. A V-shaped incision was made in the bark of pine trees in Southern states in the nineteenth century. The sticky resin would flow into collecting pans and then into wooden barrels. From there it was available for sale.




Glenn Sonnedecker, professor emeritus, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison. “How to Adulterate Volatile Oils: A Pre-1906 Manuscript Formulary”. Presented to the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1990.


My thanks to Mindy Green, Boulder, Colorado for making this article available at the July 2016 AIA Rocky Mountain Regional meeting.

Diane Tauber, R.N., B.S.N. Tue, 06 Sep 2016 20:48:01 +0000 Retired right now, due to several surgeries and not back to full function and walking. 

Natural Necessities, LLC Mon, 15 Aug 2016 16:51:51 +0000 Continue reading ]]> I work with clients through consultations, to find ways to assist their well-being and daily healthcare with the addition of essential oils. I prepare custom blended aromatherapy products fo their individual needs. I also carry a line of body care products that can be purchased that incorporate aromatherapy. My intent is to form ongoing relationships with my clients, in order to best serve them. I love sharing the benefits of aromatherapy and seeing it help others. 


Aromatherapy is such a big part of my daily life- a Natural Necessity! I can help you make it part of your life too! There are so many physical and emotional issues that can benefit from the proper use of aromatherapy. It’s important to have a relationship with an aromatherapist you feel comfortable about working with and experience ongoing success. I want my clients to always be 100% satisfied with consulting and the products.

Lorraine Ramos, Certified Aromatherapist Mon, 01 Aug 2016 19:33:34 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Prior to becoming an aromatherapist, I worked in the health care setting for 30+ years. I worked one on one with patients, providing therapy as well as education. I also taught classes for patients and for other healthcare workers, as well as home health care. I enjoy working alongside clients to assist with their needs. I believe that each person needs to be an expert on his/her health needs, and should ALWAYS have a say in what their healthcare looks like. knowledge is power. As an aromatherapist, I continue to teach clients about essential oils and the potential role they can play in a holistic approach to their health and wellness. 



Shanti Dechen, CCAP, CAI, LMT Wed, 20 Jul 2016 19:11:03 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Shanti Dechen, CCAP, CAI, LMT is the founder and director of Aroma Apothecary Healing Arts Academy, is a certified clinical aromatherapist, and has been a clinical aromatherapy instructor for the last 16 years. Shanti is also a clinical holistic health practitioner and a certified massage therapist since 1979. She has a university background in healing and the sciences—over 15,000 hours of extensive holistic training and certification in bodymind therapies.

Her extensive training includes many modalities of healing including; Certified Clinical Aromatherapy Practioner and Teacher, Herbology, Plant Medicine, Massage Therapy (including Deep Tissue) and other healing modalities well as  Chi Nei Tsang: Visceral Rejuvenation, Bodymind Clearing, Lymphatic Drainage, Acupressure, Craniosacral Therapy, Asian Healing Arts, Plant Medicine, Applied Kinesiology, Polarity, Medical Qi Gong, Nutrition, Reflexology, Energy Medicine, Stress Management and Meditation. 

Shanti has worked in clinical settings and studied in a variety of healing modalities for the last thirty-seven years in the US, Canada, Germany, Thailand, and the Caribbean. This lifelong passion has lead her to establish and direct Aroma Apothecary Healing Arts Academy since 2002. 

Dedication to Education: AIA’s curriculum guidelines and dedication to educational standards Mon, 11 Jul 2016 01:44:23 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Article by Lora Cantele, RA, CMAIA, CSRT


When it comes to Aromatherapy education and safety, any Aromatherapy organization would be remiss to not have any standards in place. When the AIA was newly formed there were many pieces to put into place; business plan, bylaws, budget, standard operating procedures, and the eventual creation of committees and education guidelines for Aromatherapy schools. Prior to the formation of the first Education Committee, the AIA board agreed to adopt the general outlines that had been in place for American Aromatherapy schools as established (in the 1990s) by the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA). In addition, the AIA agreed to “grandfather” in any NAHA schools that desired to be recognized by the AIA. The adoption of these guidelines was to serve in the short-term until the AIA established our own guidelines. The “grandfathered” schools were also informed that when the new guidelines were established and adopted, they would need to reapply for recognition under the new guidelines. Many of these schools either didn’t reapply or failed to meet the new guidelines.


In 2006, the AIA Education committee was formed. As an Aromatherapy organization on the move, it was a top priority for the committee to establish a comprehensive application and guidelines for evaluating Aromatherapy training. The committee consisted of Aromatherapy professionals that included Aromatherapists, a doctor, nurses, educators and a massage therapist. The committee began by examining how Aromatherapy was being used in a variety of settings and whether or not the guidelines were up-to-date with current use. In addition, as Aromatherapy was finding its way into more clinical settings there was concern that the existing training standards may not adequately prepare a practitioner to work in such settings. The Education Committee looked to other organizations outside the U.S. that employed Aromatherapists in clinical settings (U.K. and Australia) as it completed a review of their educational guidelines.


During this initial phase, the AIA received inquiries and complaints about various Aromatherapy schools. Given the nature of some of the complaints, including; lack of response from school proprietors and teachers, lack of current information, plagiarized texts, and poor quality materials, the Education Committee chose not to engage with all the Aromatherapy educators in writing the new guidelines.


The committee spent the more than two years discussing and developing the curriculum guidelines. In this time, each level was evaluated. It was believed by the committee members that a solid foundation in Aromatherapy training required more than 30 hours of study. In addition, there needed to be a focus on specific areas of education. This then led to the format for which each level of the guidelines was developed and how schools are assessed.


The curriculum guidelines are divided into 15 categories: Applied Aromatherapy, Anatomy and Physiology, Botany, Business Skills, Carrier Oils, Chemistry, Common Pathologies of the Body, Consultation Skills and the Therapeutic Relationship, Ethics, Essential Oils (Safety), Holism, Psychoneuroimmunology, Research, The Role of Olfaction on Human Psychology, and World History of Aromatics. Further, each category is divided into subheadings.


While the AIA requires a specific number of hours for each level of education; Foundation level (100 hrs), Professional level (200 hrs), and Clinical level (400 hrs), each section requires a range of hours and specific learner outcomes. So while the outline and the hours listed on the website seem somewhat generic, they are anything but. Each category has its specific requirements. So while an applying school can have more than 400 hours in their curriculum, it is possible they may only succeed in meeting the requirements for Level 1.


Success in gaining recognition doesn’t end there. In order to sustain their listing, renewing schools must indicate revisions to their curriculum to show they are staying current with research and dispelling myths.


Applying Clinical level members need to indicate a level of training that is on par with the guidelines for the Clinical level schools. In addition, they are required to complete a minimum of 20 hours of continuing education to maintain their CMAIA membership.


The expectations apply to not only the schools and members, but to the AIA to remain current with information and how aromatherapy is being used. The AIA curriculum guidelines are currently under review and are in the process of being updated.


It is the mission of the AIA to foster high standards of safe, ethical and professional practice in the clinical use of essential oils. AIA promotes essential oil research and has established guidelines that promote excellence in aromatherapy education. These guidelines assure the competency of practitioners of clinical aromatherapy.

Why I Don’t Diffuse Essential Oils Sun, 10 Jul 2016 13:51:48 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Article by Haly JensenHof, MA, RA


DX Diffuser


The title of this article is misleading in that it may cause you to think I never diffuse essential oils, which is not true. I do. However, I am very conscientious about when and where I diffuse essential oils due to the safety implications of exposing others to the power of essential oils.


When clients come to me, some will ask, “Why doesn’t your office smell like lavender (or other essential oil)?” Because I am an aromatherapist; clients, friends, and family assume that my space will be filled with the fragrances of my profession, but this is not the case. For natural methods of freshening the air see the methods given at the end of this article.

There are both personal and professional reasons I do not have an aromatherapy diffuser running at all times. First let me give you the personal reasons I do not diffuse essential oils on a steady/regular basis.


  1. My own sensitivities or “scent-sitivities.” Throughout my lifetime I have been highly sensitive to scents. Cleaning products, scented candles, air-fresheners, potpourri, and even the aroma of cooking can easily overwhelm me, even to the point of causing physical distress. So, when I do diffuse essential oils I use the least amount necessary for the desired effect.
  2. My husband. There are essential oils that I adore; however, my husband does not care for some of the same aromatics. I don’t want to cause my husband any olfactory discomfort or displeasure. When the need to diffuse essential oils arises I chose essential oils both of us enjoy, and will still deliver the wanted effect.
  3. My three terriers. Animals are much more sensitive to scent than humans. Animals’ olfactory perceptions are hundreds of times more powerful than our own. Therefore, the possibility of an animal having an adverse reaction to essential oils is much greater. Since our dogs are cherished members of our family I do not want to do anything that could cause them harm. When diffusing essential oils I make certain I am using essential oils that are known to be safe for animals and not cause distress. I also make sure our dogs have the freedom to leave the room in the event they do not care for the aroma or experience any discomfort from the essential oils.
  4. Reserve the power of diffusion for those times when it is most needed. It is amazing how quickly and effectively the diffusion of essential oils can be when I have a cough, sinus congestion, or when in need of an energetic/emotional adjustment! If you don’t have a diffuser with a timer I recommend purchasing one. I have an ionic diffuser that has various settings and it will not diffuse for longer than 30 minutes every hour.
  5. Saturation. If you watch television you have most likely seen the commercial for a popular air and fabric spray that makes the comment, “you may have gone nose-blind,” to the foul odors in your home or car. It is true. We quickly become used to the scents we are surrounded by, and that is why we may not notice the scent of cooked onions after we have spent ten minutes sautéing them but a neighbor who enters the home 40 minutes later can smell the onions immediately. The same applies to essential oils when they have been diffused. I have had the experience of entering a friend’s home while she has been diffusing essential oils steadily all day, and while she didn’t notice the over-powering scent of cinnamon it caused me respiratory discomfort. I do not want to have clients, friends and family to have that same experience, so I don’t diffuse.


The professional reasons I do not diffuse essential oils unless necessary include all of my personal reasons, but my professional reasons also encompass the possible medical conditions of a client. The phrase, “know your audience” keeps coming to mind. In the case of a first time client (audience) I don’t know him, so I don’t know what essential oils are safe to diffuse in his presence. I need to have a complete medical history before diffusing ANY essential oil with a client. Here are just a few of the things I need know.


  1. Allergies. If a client is allergic to pine pollen I do not want to have an essential oil bend that includes pine diffusing in my office before she arrives. The goal is to help, not harm!
  2. Asthma. There are beautiful essential oils that are known to be helpful for asthma sufferers; however, I have seen clients with asthma respond in a negative way to those very essential oils. Until I know, from the client, how she experiences specific essential oils I will not diffuse any essential oil in her presence.
  3. Bronchitis/COPD/Multi-chemical sensitivity (MCS). As with the two previously listed conditions, until I have gathered a complete medical history, am familiar with the client, and have discussed his response to essential oils I will not diffuse any essential oil in his presence.
  4. Age. Young children, under the age of five years, should avoid direct inhalation of essential oils. Direct inhalation delivers a highly concentrated amount of essential oil. Methods of direct inhalation include: inhalation directly from the bottle; inhalation of essential oils from a personal inhaler; inhalation of essential oils on the hands, a cotton ball, or a tissue. Diffusing is an ambient or indirect method of application and is considered safe for young children. However, having said that, there are still precautions I will take if my client is under the age of five. I will not diffuse essential oils around a child for longer than 30 minutes. I will also avoid essential oils that have high concentrations of 1,8-cineole in their chemical composition (eucalyptus, rosemary, sage). I will avoid essential oils that are known to be mucous and airway irritants, such as cinnamon.


Seldom, if ever, do I use the healing power of essential oils as “air freshener.” When I diffuse essential oils it is for the physical and emotional benefit I can receive from them. When I have an unpleasant odor lingering in the air I employ one or all of the following all natural methods.


  1. Baking soda. You know, baking soda is amazing! There are so many uses for it, and it is so inexpensive. To keep cooking and dog odor down I deploy little plates of plain baking soda in strategic places throughout the house. These little plates can be disguised as small Zen sand gardens, and only you need to know that they are really odor fighting ninjas! The baking soda will absorb the odor causing molecules from the air and will need to be changed every week to ten days with fresh baking soda.
  2. Vinegar. Vinegar is just as amazing and versatile as baking soda! Another method I use to rid the house of malodor is to place small glass bowls of vinegar in the kitchen. I am always amazed at how effectively and quickly vinegar can eliminate the smell of burnt toast and even cigarette smoke! I tried this trick to rid the house of cigarette smoke during and after a party. It worked like a dream, but…the vinegar not only absorbed the odor it also turned an ugly dark grey color. Once the vinegar takes on a grey color and loses its distinct vinegar scent, it is time to change it.
  3. Open a window! Nothing smells better than the fresh outdoor air as it enters the home, especially after a rainstorm. Enough said.


Now, do I expect everyone to adhere to my stringent personal and professional guidelines for diffusing essential oils? Absolutely not, but I do hope that what I provided you with is food for thought. Know your audience; be aware of any possible negative reactions diffusing essential oils may have on you, your family, your pets, and guests to your home. Diffuse safely.


As always,
✿´´¯`•.¸¸ Fragrant Blessings ¸¸.•´¯`´✿
Haly JensenHof, MA, RA


Photo Credit: DX Diffuser

Karin Frost-Madrid CHA of Mia’s Botanicals & Gifts, LLC Fri, 08 Jul 2016 16:59:16 +0000 Continue reading ]]> As a certified Holistic Aromatherapist and life- long naturalist, I incorporate knowledge of safe and effective essential oil use with the energy of nature to compliment and support your individual constitution. You can choose from a vast selection of healthful products or accessories for which your personal essential oil blend can be utilized. I believe in order to flourish, we must maintain a connection to nature. Mia’s Botanicals aromatherapy capture the essence of nature, supporting that connection.  


Mia’s Botanicals & Gifts, LLC offers full service holistic aromatherapy. Personal consultation and blending: we take care to actively listen to your concerns and needs in order to provide effective and affordable aromatherapy support. Aromatherapy personal care products available through our e-Commerce site. Wholesale opportunities for retailers wishing to sell quality aromatherapy products. 

Andrea Cauffman, CA Fri, 08 Jul 2016 16:42:49 +0000 Continue reading ]]> Hi! I’m Andrea, a few years ago I decided to travel a few roads less traveled, which lead me to securing my Certification in Aromatherapy as well as becoming an Essential Oil Educator. My passion to help others by blending uniquely for each person has exploded@ I love helping and sharing with others that, YES, your have a choice and you can be EMPOWERED to support your families health and wellness in a natural way! I invite you to join me in the essential oil journey, opening new paths for you and your families health and well being. 


Certified Aromatherapy, Wellness Education, Personal Consultation, Classes & Workshops.

Aromatherapy using essential oils, offers a natrual way to support balanced health for the mind spirit and body. Follow a consultation to determine the essential oils that re just right for you, I blend essential oils that focus on your unique needs.