Plantar Fibromatosis Treated with Aromatherapy (Case Study Report)

Article by Stefania Borrelli


NOTE FROM AUTHOR: Among the ingredients, I wrote "Sardinia Helichrysum" on purpose since it's the one I generally use - having similar chemical components and imported from Italy (which is close to Corsica).


Client Background

Age: 51

General State of Physical Health: Good

General State of Emotional Health: Good


Description of the case: I report the case of a 52 year-old Italian female with no family history or cytogenetic abnormality who presented with a plantar fibromatosis, small nodular fibrotic thickening of the central plantar fascia, corresponding to the solar plexus point. It started with a tiny, pea-sized nodule in the middle of her arch. The woman presented then a painful swelling of her right sole. The swelling associated was tender to touch with a dull aching type of pain which prevented her from walking, even small distances, without pain. Continue reading

A Rare Glimpse into Adulteration of Essential Oils

Essential oil adulteration: camphor and turpentine


Article written by Dr. Raphael d'Angelo, AIA Medical Advisor


I recently was given a fascinating article entitled "How to Adulterate Volatile Oils: A Pre-1906 Manuscript Formulary" (G. Sonnedecker, 1990) and I think the AIA members would find this very informative as a part of aromatherapy history that we rarely encounter.


Adulteration is defined as "any practice that through intent or neglect, results in a variation of strength and/or purity from the professed quality of a drug" was the standard before 1859. In that year the budding American Pharmaceutical Association added " the intentional addition to an article, for the purpose of gain, or deception…" Continue reading

The Bugs of Summer

Bugs of Summer


Bug season is upon us and that means it’s time for aromatherapy bug spray blends. Although all essential oils will repel some insects, there are a few that are more commonly used for the summer pests that many deal with such as mosquitoes, black flies, and ticks.


You may need to experiment to find out what works for your local bugs. Here are some essential oils classically used to deter the tiny biters... Continue reading

Ayurveda Rituals for Beauty & Balance

Ayurvedic Recipes


At the April Mountain Region Meeting, Nellie Shapiro gave a lively and interactive presentation on Ayurveda. Her 2-hour presentation began with a discussion on the 20 "Gunas." 'Guna' is the Sanskrit word meaning attribute or quality. This was an introduction to determining your Dosha or Bioelement that make up one's constitution. While all three Doshas (Kapha, Pitta and Vata) are present in each of us, one generally dominates at any given time. The key is keeping them in balance. After learning about the Gunas, Nellie let her audience try their hand at determining the Doshas of each of the others in attendance and explained further the various nuances in determining each person's constitution. This was followed by a brief break in which attendees sampled some tea Nellie prepared with fennel, cumin, turmeric and coriander and a delicious ginger and beet chutney. After the break, Nellie talked her audience through Dinachariya—a daily morning ritual to nourish and energize the body; including the appropriate time to rise, prayer, hygiene, exercise, breathing and meditation...all before breakfast! With each step, she explained the how and the why, as well as preparations she uses for herself including a tooth powder, body oil and deodorant made with herbs and essential oils. Her presentation concluded with the sharing of the following recipes for nourishment to support an Ayurvedic lifestyle for wellness. Continue reading

Aromatic Medicine: Internal Dosing of Essential Oils

Article by Amy Kreydin


  botanical medicine capsule  


If aromatherapy is a frequently misunderstood profession then the specialization of aromatic medicine is so out there we could be discussing xenobotany here. But we're not talking about plant life on other planets, this is a unique branch of botanical medicine that employs volatile aromatic plant extracts in internal dose forms.


Twenty years ago I began studying botanical medicine in high mountain meadows, birthing rooms, greenhouses, gardens, and dining rooms in Northern New Mexico. Six years ago I studied clinical aromatherapy in a classroom at Boston Medical Center. Last year I began studying aromatic medicine at the Heal Center. It was an International effort coordinated by South African Roz Zollinger, Brit Gabriel Mojay, and led by Aussie Mark Webb. It was amazing and I've loved how it has taken my practice and education to another level. 🙂   Continue reading

A 5 Element Approach to Understanding Essential Oils: The Wood Element

Article by Marc J. Gian, L. Ac, LMT


5 Elements


There are as many ways to classify Essential Oils as there are to use them. As we use essential oils for "holistic aromatherapy" we need to become clear on what holistic means. All too often, the term holistic is thrown around for the use of treating symptoms without allopathic medicine. However, to accurately be holistic practitioners the inclusion of the emotional/mental aspect of our client is paramount. The philosophy of the 5 Elements is one system that can lead to sincere holistic treatment.


The 5 Elements or Wu Xing is a leading paradigm used in Chinese medicine and is a solution for the aromatherapist eager to understand the root of illness. The 5 Elements are used to describe many of the phenomena of the natural world including the human condition. Each element gives birth to another and then cycles back again, just like the seasons. Continue reading

AIA Becomes “Contributing Producer” for Aromatherapy Documentary – Uncommon Scents

Uncommon Scents Thanks AIA


The world of aromatherapy is a complex one. There are everything from home users who use essential oils through oral traditions, people who self-study, and others that receive formal training to understand the chemical makeup and actions of essential oils. Aromatherapy pioneers such as Robert Tisserand, Sylla Shepherd-Hanger, Jeanne Rose, Colleen Dodt, and Marge Clark have been studying the art and science of aromatherapy for 30-40+ years. Millions are just beginning to study aromatherapy.


Social media sites such as Facebook, Pinterest, and Instagram have made the sharing of information about essential oils easier than ever. Aromatherapy pioneers generously contribute to the discussion and provide valuable insight.


While there is a vast amount of information about aromatherapy available online, it is not all reliable, and in many cases is misleading, incorrect, or dangerous. This range of information has set up a divide in the aromatherapy community and caused finger-pointing and leaves many scratching their heads to find a way to bring the aromatherapy community together to move forward united with a common goal of sharing sound information to make responsible aromatherapy available to as many as possible. Continue reading

Visiting the home of Fragonia™

by Priscilla Fouracres


I recently had the privilege of visiting the only place in the world where Fragonia™ (Agonis fragrans), is grown and produced into essential oil. The 46-hectare property (114 acres), owned and operated by John and Peta Day, is about two hours from Perth, the capital city of Western Australia.

John and Peta Day in a field of Agonis fragrans (Photo courtesy of the Paperbark Co.)

John and Peta Day in a field of Agonis fragrans (Photo courtesy of the Paperbark Co.)


The 'farm', as the Days call it, has a sense of serenity that emanates from the well-cared for and highly-loved piece of land they began developing 15 years ago.


A mud-map is required to find the farm and even then it is easy to drive past the unassuming property in a low-lying marshland where paperbark trees, a common name for some species of Melaleucas from the Myrtaceae family1, grow naturally. Continue reading

What is Aromatherapy?

Aromatherapy is a true holistic therapy, offering simultaneous healing possibilities on physical, emotional and energetic levels. Aromatherapy works by simply taking a deep breath: the aromatic molecules enter our blood stream and travel to all parts of our body. The wide range of aromas available can gently help any mood or emotion.


The essential oils used in aromatherapy are highly concentrated substances, extracted most commonly by steam distillation from a variety of flowers, herbs, trees, roots, and fruit. Each oil offers its own unique chemistry of healing qualities. Lavender, geranium, spruce, tea tree, eucalyptus, lemon and myrrh are oils commonly used in aromatherapy.


Each essential oil has its own distinct chemical profile that offers therapeutic properties. Each is classified as stimulating, balancing, relaxing, or more specifically, as antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, decongestants, analgesics, antiinflammatory, digestives, to name a few.


A typical example is shown by the use of lavender, one of the most versatile and widely used oils. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is known to soothe tension headaches, reduce inflammation and pain, cleanse wounds,aid in tissue repair for burns and cuts, and relax you to sleep.


Today, aromatherapy is widely used in various health care settings: in hospitals for stress, nausea and cancer care; in senior care environments for reducing agitation, improving sleep, and improving indoor air quality; and in massage therapy for relaxation and reducing body pain.


To begin receiving the benefits of aromatherapy-find an aroma you love and enjoy all the gifts provided by nature's healing gifts.