Standards of Practice

Standards of Practice
by Laraine K. Pounds, RN, MSN
Adopted by the AIA Membership on October 19, 2007

 

We are entering a new era in health care where the public is informed regarding choices in health care and the availability of alternative and complementary health care modalities. There is an increasing expectation for mainstream health care providers, such as physicians, nurses, health administrators, and educators to be knowledgeable regarding the existence, availability and benefits of alternative and complementary healthcare modalities.

 

For the clinical aromatherapy community to grow as a profession and take its place with more-established complementary care modalities, it has the obligation to identify and establish standards of care and practice. Professional standards of practice and reflect the current knowledge base and practice in any given field and imply accountability. Standards are dynamic, and subject to evaluation and subsequent change through time as practice norms evolve.

 

The following Aromatherapy Standards of Practice are stated to identify the scope of care and reflect professional norms that are inherent in the practice of clinical aromatherapy. This is in contrast to the use of essential oils by individuals for home and family use or as a hobby.

 

Definitions:

Qualified aromatherapist – one who has completed a recognized training in aromatherapy at the minimum level of 200 educational contact hours (such as approved by the National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy or the Alliance of International Aromatherapists) or has been recognized through a standardized exam, such as provided by the Aromatherapy Registration Council.

 

Interdisciplinary cooperation – collaboration by a collective of health care providers in response to a client’s health care needs

 

Standard I: Theory and Practice
The qualified aromatherapist understands and applies appropriate, scientifically sound theory as a basis for essential oil use. The art and science of Aromatherapy is characterized by the application of relevant information that provides the basis for a skilled use of essential oils and subsequent evaluation of the outcomes.

 

The Aromatherapy Registration Council (ARC) has categorized the scope of aromatherapy education based on historical input by leading schools in aromatherapy. For example, the knowledge base includes, but not limited to:
[1] Basic Concepts of Aromatherapy – essential oils, sources, history, client assessment;
[2] Scientific Principles – botany, extraction, chemistry, anatomy and physiology
[3] Administration – therapeutics, safety, delivery methods, contraindications, blending
[4] Professional Issues – documentation, quality control, ethics

 

This standard also applies to those engaged in fragrance blending or product development as these activities are predicated on the basic concepts relating to essential oils, chemistry, and blending, for example.

 

Standard II: Assessment
Assessment is a part of the scientific process beginning with collecting information from the client or target population.

 

Standard III: Planning and Identifying Goals (desired outcomes)
The qualified aromatherapist co-constructs an aromatherapy intervention based on client’s needs.

 

Standard IV: Application
The qualified aromatherapist uses standard applications of essential oils in the manner most suitable for the client’s identified outcomes. Providing client education is inherent in this standard of care.
Standard V: Evaluation
The qualified aromatherapist evaluates the client response and maintains a system of documentation.
Standard VI: Continuing Education
Continuing educational opportunities are available to aromatherapists through conferences, workshops, graduate courses, journals, tele-conferences and research. The qualified aromatherapist assumes responsibility for his/her continuing education and professional development, and modifies one’s practice to assimilate new knowledge gained from continuing education.

 

Standard VII: Integrated Care through Interdisciplinary Cooperation
The qualified aromatherapist seeks opportunities to participate with other health care providers to develop an integrated plan of care, as possible. The aromatherapist communicates the benefits of essential oil use to the public and health care providers. The qualified aromatherapist is valued as a health team contributor.

 

Standard VIII: Ethics
The qualified aromatherapist upholds professional standards of care and supports an identified code of ethics which is stated below.

 

As a member of the Alliance of International Aromatherapists, I shall:

1. conduct myself in a professional and ethical manner in relation to my clients, health professionals, and the general public.

2. recognize that the public has the right to share in decisions pertaining to their health care. I shall educate and guide clients toward this goal and actively encourage them to take responsibility for their care and well-being.

3. represent my education and qualifications honestly in advertising and practice and acknowledge the limitations of my skills, as indicated.

4. provide the highest quality of aromatherapy products available.

5. provide services within the scope and the limits of my training and to refer to appropriate qualified professionals as indicated.

6. maintain professional confidentiality except when failure to take action could constitute a danger to others.

7. refrain from guaranteeing a specific wellness outcome, acknowledging that aromatic extracts support self healing and that holistic health outcomes are influenced by many factors.

8. visibly display a copy of the AIA Code of Ethics for the benefit of employees and the public.

9. avoid discrimination against individuals on the basis of race, creed, religion, gender, age and national origin.

10. appreciate the importance of thoroughness in the performance of duty, compassion with clients, and the significance of the tasks I perform.

11. respect the law and avoid dishonest, unethical, or illegal practices.

12. refuse primary responsibility for health care for any client. Individuals who are licensed or otherwise authorized to provide primary health care are excluded.

 

Standard IX: Research
The qualified aromatherapist contributes to the continuing development of knowledge of clinical aromatherapy through data collection, research activities and documentation of findings.

 

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